Plastered wall on its own is not much of a problem , and it does not require special skills . The main thing - to know the technology and some of the nuances in carrying out such work.
To plastering their hands passed quickly and qualitatively , in addition to the plaster mix on hand , you must have the following tools:
Plastering paddle , with which it will be necessary to sketch and flatten solution and dispense material ;
Liter capacity , as required for the application of the solution and the exact dosage ;
Drill with paddle mixer or construction ;
Material for grouting ;
Poluter required for leveling the surface ;
Aluminum rail .
Before you will be plastering the walls with their hands, should prepare the surface. Recapture old plaster in places where it is poorly kept , using a hammer or a spatula , and then moisten the surface of the walls. Tip: To save time, the floor must be laid polyethylene that after cleaning the walls beaten off the plaster did not need to collect.
Then preparing plaster , while following the instructions carefully . You will then need to bring beacons . To do this with a plumb to the wall and vertical lines marked thereon screws are screwed at equal distances so that they are formed as a result of vertical .
Between the screws tightened string that defines a plane , it is very important to monitor the level . Then applied to the self-tapping screws aluminum rail and between them and the wall putty is applied to the solution . Further along the wall rail is removed so that the shifted level lighthouse.
Similarly, lists all lighthouses that will serve as a guide for plastering .
The next step - sprayed , which is made using plaster blade. Plaster on the wall need to throw strongly and sharply to achieve better adhesion effect .
After 3-4 hours , when the solution becomes solid, but has not yet come to grips , you must wipe the surface of the walls in a circular motion using polutera . For outdoor work this stage will be the final . However, for interior decoration in addition necessary to apply putty to the surface becomes perfectly smooth.
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Normal or as it is called , stucco facade is most commonly used for the treatment of facades and interior walls of buildings . Depending on the quality and destination has three varieties:
- Simple ;
- Improved ;
- High quality .
Kind of plain plaster is applied for the treatment of basements , storage and other ancillary facilities . Composition - spraying on one layer , and then a layer of soil. Superior view of the material commonly used for work in the utility , industrial and commercial premises. Composition - the first layer of spraying , the second - the soil , and in the end - a skim coat .
High-quality plaster is designed to handle public and residential buildings . Composition - one preparatory layer spraying , then several layers of primer and finally nakryvochnyh several layers.
Special plaster facade has a narrow specificity and is used in cases where it is necessary to increase the quality characteristics of the building or premises to ensure internal protection from adverse external influences . Furthermore, it performs perfectly the function of isolating the sources of harmful indoors.
This species has several subspecies :
- Terrazitovye material (composition : cement, quartz sand , hydrated lime and a variety of fillings );
- Acoustic (composition : A solution of aluminum powder and water which releases the gas resulting from forming the porous structure );
- "Stone " (composition: natural stone chippings and some binders );
- Structural (this granular mass , composed of pebbles , pieces of quartz , wood fibers and other elements ) .
Regular and special mortar refers to a variety of wet plaster , so has important advantages such as: flexibility , the ability to make the entire surface of the monolithic , and no seams and the possibility of giving the surface a desired shape .
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